About Romania
General Information: Population 19.1 million                                                         Religion: Orthodox 87.6%, Protestant 5.2 %, Roman Catholic 4.7%, Greek Catholic 0.9%, Muslim 0.3% Main Airport - Henri Coanda Currency - Romanian Leu  (RON) European Union member since 2007 Language - Romanian Important cities: Bucharest, Brasov, Constanta, Cluj, Sibiu, Timisoara, Iasi. History: The name România is a derivative of the Latin romanus, meaning „citizen of Rome”. In the Middle Ages, Romanians lived in three distinct principalities:Wallahia (Romanian: Țara Românească – "Romanian Land"), Moldavia (Romanian: Moldova) and Transylvania ( Romanian: Transilvania). During the period of the Austro-Hungarian rule in Transylvania and Ottoman suzerainty over Wallachia and Moldavia, most romanians were considered second-class or even non- citizens in a territory where they formed the majority of the population. In some Transylvanian cities, such as  Brasov or Timisoara, Romanians were not even allowed to reside within the city walls. In August 1915, when  World War I broke out, Romania declared neutrallity. Two years later, under pressure from the Allies, on 27 August 1916, Romania joined the Allies, declaring war on Austro-Hungary. During the Second World War, Romania tried again to remain neutral, but on 28 June 1940, it received a  Soviet ultimatum with an implied threat of invasion in the event of non-compliance.Under Nazi and Soviet pressure, the Romanian administration and the army were forced to retreat from Bassarabia as well from northern Bukovina to avoid war. This, in combination with other factors, prompted the government to join  the Axis In August 1944, Marshal Antonescu was toppled and arrested by King  Michael I of Romania and the country changed sides and joined the Allies. During the Soviet ocuppation of Romania the Communist-dominated government called new elections which were won with 80% of the vote. They thus rapidly established themselves as the dominant political force. Post– Cold War Romania developed closer ties with  Western Europe,eventually joining  NATO in 2004, and hosting the  2008 summit in Bucharest. The country applied in June 1993 for membership in theEuropeanUnion and became an Associated State of the EU in 1995, an Acceding Country in 2004, and a member on 1 January 2007. During the 2000s, Romania enjoyed one of the highest economic growth rates in Europe and has been referred to as "the Tiger of Eastern Europe." This has been accompanied by a significant improvement in human developmentThe country has been successful in reducing internal poverty and establishing a functional democracy Geography: There are almost 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) (about 5% of the total area) of protected areas in Romania covering 13 national parks and three biosphere reserves: the Danube Delta, Retezat National Park , and Rodna National Park. The Danube Delta Reserve Biosphere is the largest and least damaged wetland complex in Europe, covering a total area of 5,800 km2 (2,200 sq mi).With a surface area of 238,391 square kilometres (92,043 sq mi), Romania is the largest country in  southern Europe and the twelfth in Europe. It lies between latitudes 43° and 49° N, and longitudes 20° and 30° E. The Carpathian Mountains dominate the centre of Romania, with 14 mountain range reaching above 2,000 m/6,600 ft, and the highest point at  Moldoveanu Peak (2,544 m/8,346 ft).These are surrounded by the  Moldavian and Transylvanian plateaus and  Pannonian and  Wallachian plains. Romania's geographical diversity has led to an accompanying diversity of flora and fauna. A large part of Romania's border with Serbia and Bullgaria is formed by the Danube. The Prut, one of its major tributaries, forms the border with the Republic of Moldova ,The Danube flows into the Black Sea  within Romania's territory forming the  Danube Delta, the second largest and best preserved delta in Europe, and also a  biosphere reserve and a biodiversity World Heritage Site Other major rivers are the Siret(596 km), the Olt (614 km), the Somes (388 km), and the Mures (761 km). Lakes and lake complexes have a low share throughout Romania, occupying only 1.1% of total land area. The largest lake complex in size is  Razelm-Sinoe (731 km²), located on the Black Sea seaside.  Glacial lakes exist in th Fagaras Mountains, a result of  quaternary glaciacion, of which the largest are: Lake Avrig(14,700 m²),  Balea Lake (46,500 m²),Capra Lake (18,000 m²), etc. Other notable lakes are Lake Sfanta Ana, the only volcanic lake in Romania, and Red Lake, a natural dam lake, both situated in  Harghita County. Climate: Spring is pleasant with cool mornings and nights and warm days. Summers are generally very warm to hot, with summer (June to August) average maximum temperatures in Bucharest rising to 28 °C (82 °F), and temperatures over 35 °C (95 °F) fairly common in the lower-lying areas of the country. Minima in Bucharest and other lower-lying areas are around 16 °C (61 °F). Autumn is dry and cool, with fields and trees producing colorful foliage. Winters can be cold, with average maxima even in lower-lying areas reaching no more than 2 °C (36 °F) and below −15 °C (5 °F) in the highest mountains.Precipitation is average with over 750 mm (30 in) per year only on the highest western mountains—much of it falling as snow, which allows for an extensive skiing industry. In the south-central parts of the country (around Bucharest) the level of precipitation drops to around 600 mm (24 in), while in the Danube Delta, rainfall levels are very low, and average only around 370 mm (15 in). Tourism Romania is the fourth fastest growing country in the world in terms of travel and tourism total demand, with a yearly potential growth of 8% from 2007 to 2016.The number of tourists grew from 4.8 million in 2002 to 6.6 million in 2004. Similarly, the revenues grew from 400 million in 2002 to 607 in 2004. In 2006, Romania registered 20 million overnight stays by international tourists, an all-time record, but the number for 2007 is expected to increase even more. Tourism in Romania attracted €400 million in investments in 2005. Culture Romania has a unique culture, which is the product of its geography and of its distinct historical evolution. Like Romanians themselves, it is fundamentally defined as the meeting point of three regions: Central Europe, Eastern Europe, and the Balkans, but cannot be truly included in any of them. .         
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