City breaks
Bucharest Location: Southern Romania Size: City of Bucharest - 88 sq.miles (228 sq.km); Bucharest Metropolitan area - 587 sq.m(1,521 sq.km) Elevation: 190-295 ft (55-90 m) Population: 2.2 milion (2010) Inhabited since: 500 BC First documented: 1459 AD Known for its wide, tree-lined boulevards, glorious Belle Époque buildings and a reputation for the high life (which in the 1900s earned its nickname of "Little Paris"), Bucharest, Romania's largest city and capital, is today a bustling metropolis.
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Cluj - Napoca Location: Central Romania (County: Cluj) Size:16.2 sq. miles (42 sq. km) Elevation:1,181 ft. (360 meters) Population: 340,000 Inhabited since: 200 BC First documented: 1177 AD (Clus) This western city in the region of Transylvania traces its origins back to the Dacian settlement of Napuca in the 2-nd century A.D. After the Roman take-over of Dacia, it was renamed Napoca and in 124 A.D., received the rank of "municipium". The city quickly advanced socially and economically and during Marcus Aurelius' reign Napoca received the title "colonia", the highest possible urban status in the Roman Empire.
Constanta Location: Eastern Romania (County: Constanta) Size: 22.4 sq. miles (58 sq. kilometers) Elevation: 0 -190 ft. (0-60 meters) Population: 345,000 Inhabited since: 700 BC First documented: 300 BC (Tomis) Situated at the crossroads of several commercial routes, Constanta lies on the western coast of the Black Sea, 185 miles from the Bosphorus Strait. An ancient metropolis and Romania's largest sea port, Constanta traces its history some 2,500 years. Originally called Tomis, legend has it that Jason landed here with the Argonauts after finding the Golden Fleece.
Iasi Location: Eastern Romania (Iasi county) Size: 37 sq. miles (96 sq. kilometers) Elevation: 312 ft. (105 meters) Population: 350,000 Inhabited since: 400 BC First documented: 1387 AD Iasi is the most important political, economic and cultural centre of the province of Moldavia as well as one of the oldest cities in Romania. Located in the northeastern part of the country, Iasi was for many centuries the crossing point of the most important commercial routes linking Poland, Hungary, Russia and Constantinople.
Oradea Location: Western Romania (County: Bihor) Size: 13.5 sq. miles (35 sq. kilometers) Elevation: 492 ft. (150 meters) Population: 206,000 Inhabited since: 300 BC First documented: 1113 AD Located just 8 miles from the Hungarian border and spanning both shores of the Crisu Repede River, the elegant city of Oradea is a great starting point for exploring Romania.
Timisoara Location: Western Romania (County: Timis) Size: 52 sq. miles (130.5 sq. kilometers) Elevation: 310 ft. (90 meters) Population: 450,000 Inhabited since: 200 BC First documented: 1212 AD Timisoara was the first European city to introduce horse-drawn trams (in 1869) and electrical street lighting (in 1889); Timisoara was built on a swamp; the Metropolitan Cathedral has 5000 oaks supports underneath it; Johnny Weissmuller, Hollywood's original Tarzan, was born here.
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